Male-Dominated Industries Employ 25% or Fewer Women1
Male-dominated industries and occupations employ fewer women and are particularly vulnerable to masculine stereotypes that make it even more difficult for women to excel.2
Senior leadership teams that are dominated by men set the tone for talent management norms where masculine stereotypes can influence promotion and development opportunities.3
Catalyst research discovered that talent management systems can be vulnerable to
pro-male biases, which results in less diverse employee pools.
Occupational Segregation Contributes to Gender Inequality 4
Women continue to be highly overrepresented in clerical, service, and professional occupations, while men tend to be overrepresented in craft, operator, and laborer jobs.5
Women's Share of Male-Dominated Australian Industries6
|Industry||Women's Share of Total Industry||Women's Share of Managers in Industry||Women's Share of CEOs in Industry|
|Utilities (Electricity, Gas, Water, and Waste Services)||24.4%||19.3%||0%|
Women's Share in Male-Dominated Canadian Industries7
|Industry||Women’s Share of Total Industry|
|Fishing, Hunting, and Trapping||14.2%|
|Forestry and Logging with Support Activities||18.4%|
|Mining (including oil and gas extraction)||19.4%|
|Occupation||Total Employees||Women's Share of Total Employees|
|Heavy-Duty Equipment Mechanics||42,985||1.1%|
|Automotive Service Technicians, Truck and Bus Mechanics, and Mechanical Repairers||137,535||1.6%|
|Steamfitters, Pipefitters, and Sprinkler System Installers||20,305||1.6%|
|Electrical Power Line and Cable Workers||11,365||1.7%|
|Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanics||23,940||1.7%|
|Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Gas Fitters||74,030||1.7%|
|Automotive Service Technicians||166,100||1.8%|
|Electricians (Except Industrial and Power System)||86,080||1.9%|
|Occupation||Total Employees||Women’s Share of Total Employees|
|Medical Administrative Assistants||14,965||98.2%|
|Dental Hygienists and Dental Therapists||23,325||97.0%|
|Early Childhood Educators and Assistants||187,750||96.8%|
|Office Administrative Assistants--General, Legal and Medical||381,275||96.3%|
|Home Child Care Providers||62,610||95.5%|
|Court Reporters, Medical Transcriptionists, and Related Occupations||9,075||94.8%|
|Dietitians and Nutritionists||9,960||93.7%|
|Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists||9,020||93.7%|
Women's Share of Male-Dominated Japanese Industries10
Women's Share of Total Industry
|Mining and Quarrying of Stone Gravel||0%|
|Electricity, Gas, Heat Supply and Water||13.3%|
|Transport and Postal Activities||18.2%|
Women's Share of Male-Dominated US Industries11
Women’s Share of Total Industry
|Fishing, Hunting, and Trapping||N/A|
|Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction||13.3%|
|Occupation||Total Employees||Share of Women Employees|
|Brickmasons, Blockmasons, and Stonemasons||122,000||0.1%|
|Drywall Installers, Ceiling Tile Installers, and Tapers||129,000||0.3%|
|Mining Machine Operators||65,000||0.3%|
|Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists||316,000||0.5%|
|Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers||50,000||0.5%|
|First-Line Supervisors of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers||64,000||0.5%|
|Tool and Die Makers||56,000||0.8%|
|Heavy Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Service Technicians and Mechanics||194,000||1%|
|Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics||867,000||1.2%|
|Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators||348,000||1.3%|
|Occupation||Total Employees||Women’s Share of Total Employees|
|Secretaries and Administrative Assistants||2,768,000||95.3%|
|Receptionists and Information Clerks||1,132,000||91.5%|
|Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks||1,130,000||89.1%|
|Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners||1,284,000||88.1%|
|Nursing, Psychiatric, and Home Health Aides||1,863,000||87.9%|
|Personal Care Aides||907,000||84.7%|
|Office Clerks, General||920,000||83.4%|
Catalyst Award Winners in Male-Dominated Industries
The Catalyst Award annually honors innovative organizational approaches with proven, measurable results that address the recruitment, development, and advancement of all women, including women of color.
Six of the companies that won the Catalyst Award were in male-dominated industries.
- Chevron (2015)14
- Alcoa (2013)15
- CH2M Hill (2009) 16
- Nissan (2008) 17
- BP (2006)18
- Georgia Pacific (2005) 19
- Harley-Davidson, Inc. (2004)20
How to cite this product: Catalyst. Catalyst Quick Take: Women in Male-Dominated Industries and Occupations in U.S. and Canada. New York: Catalyst, 2015.
- 1. Department of Labor, Women’s Bureau, “Quick Facts on Nontraditional Occupations for Women,” 2008 Annual Averages (April 2009).
- 2. Anika K. Warren, Cascading Gender Biases, Compounding Effects: An Assessment of Talent Management Systems (Catalyst, 2009).
- 3. Anika K. Warren, Cascading Gender Biases, Compounding Effects: An Assessment of Talent Management Systems (Catalyst, 2009).
- 4. Philip Cohen, "The Problem With Mostly Male (and Mostly Female) Workplaces," The Atlantic, March 20, 2013.
- 5. Barbara Wootten, Gender Differences in Occupational Employment (April 1997): p. 17-24; Paul E. Gabriel and Susanne Schmitz, "Gender Differences in Occupational Distributions Among Workers" (June 2007): p. 17-24.
- 6. Australian Government and Workplace Gender Equality Agency, All Industries Snapshot (February 2014; Data 2013).
- 7. Statistics Canada, "Table 282-0008: Labour Force Survey Estimates (LFS), by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), Sex and Age Group," CANSIM (2015).
- 8. Statistics Canada, "Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011 (691), Class of Worker (5), Age Groups (13B) and Sex (3) for the Employed Labour Force Aged 15 Years and Over, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey", 2011 National Household Survey Data Tables (2015).
- 9. Statistics Canada, "Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011 (691), Class of Worker (5), Age Groups (13B) and Sex (3) for the Employed Labour Force Aged 15 Years and Over, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey", 2011 National Household Survey Data Tables (2015).
- 10. Statistics Bureau of Japan, [i]"Employed Persons: By Industry."
- 11. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, "Table 18: Employed Persons by Detailed Industry, Sex, Race, and Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity," Annual Averages 2014 (2015).
- 12. Department of Labor, "Leading Occupations for Women".
- 13. Bureau of Labor Statistics, "20 Leading Occupations of Employed Women, 2012."
- 14. Catalyst, "Chevron Corporation—The Chevron Way: Engineering Opportunities for Women,"[/i] 2015.
- 15. Catalyst, "Alcoa Inc.—Building Opportunities for Women in a “Hard Hat” Company," 2013.
- 16. Catalyst, “CH2M HILL—Constructing Pathways for Women Through Inclusion” (2009)
- 17. Catalyst, “Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.—Women in the Driver's Seat: Gender Diversity as a Lever in Japan” (2008).
- 18. Catalyst, “BP p.l.c.—Global Path to Diversity and Inclusion” (2006).
- 19. Catalyst, “Georgia-Pacific Corporation—Bridging Cultures, Leveraging Differences” (2005).
- 20. Catalyst, “Harley Davidson, Inc. – Optimizing Talent: A Culture of Empowerment” (2004).