Knowledge Center

Population

  • Of Brazil’s total population of 196,655,000, 50.8% (99,910,000) of the total population are female.1
  • In 2011, there were 98 males for every 100 females. 2
  • In 2010-2015, the estimated number of children per women is 1.8.3
  • In 2010, the median age was 29.1 years.4
  • The mean age of marriage for women is 23 years. 5
  • The healthy life expectancy is 66 years for women and 62 years for men.6

Education

  • In 2008, females were expected to receive 14.3 years of schooling compared to 13.6 years for males. 7 8
  • In 2010, females were 56.9% of all enrolled tertiary students.9 10
  • 90.2% of adult females aged 15 and above are literate,11 compared to 89.8% of men.12

Labor Force

  • In 2010, 59.4% of women participated in the labor force, compared to men’s participation rate of 81.0%.13 14
  • In 2007, women were 58.6% of all professional workers.15
  • In 2011, 11% of adult women were unemployed, compared to just 5% of adult men.16
  • In 2007, women were 8.8% of all seats in national parliaments.17
  • Of the over 17 weeks of maternity leave women in Brazil receive, 100% of it is paid.18

Women in Management

  • Women occupy 4.5% of all board director seats.19
  • In 2007, women were 36.1% of all legislators, senior officials, and managers.20
    • This percentage was 0.9% lower in 2006, where women were 35.2% of all legislators, senior officials, and managers21
  • Brazil elected their first woman president in October 2010, Dilma Rousseff.22
  • Brazil is ranked 117th in terms of women’s representation in Parliaments, out of 189 countries.23
    • Women’s representation is just 8.6% of those in the lower Parliament,24  and
    • Women represent just 16.0% of the upper Parliament.25

Color and Race and Brazil

  • Brazil contains many diverse minority groups including:
    • Afro-Brazilians (African descendents)26
    • Japanese27

Global Gender Gap Ranking

  • Brazil was ranked 82nd in The Global Gender Gap Index.28
  • The male-to-female ratio for wage equality for similar work is just 51%.29

* Note: These are the terms provided by the Brazilian government in relation to color or race.

How to cite this product: Catalyst. Catalyst Quick Take: Women in the Labor Force in Brazil. New York: Catalyst, 2012.